April 1, 2016. The following explanation provided by Capt. David Rieumont of Guy Harvey Magazine Online Fisherman is one of the better explanations I’ve seen for preventing wind knots with braided line.
There are many variables that can cause wind knots. The rod and reel that your using to start. Not all rods and reels are created equal when it comes to being braid friendly. Most of all the new equipment being made is braid friendly. The newer Shimano bails will not close by a spring, they have to be manually closed. The spools are cut and shaped to wind and cast braided line more effectively. The gears and internals also. The closing of the bail by hand and the tugging of the braided line immediately after closing the bail is another thing that helps. The brand and type of braided line you are using also can make a difference. The line to leader connection and the knot that locks them together can cause wind knots. How does the knot that connects your line and leader effect the amount of wind knots you get? If you bring your line and leader knot down through the eyes, that connection has to be very tight and slim with no tag ends exposed. If it is not, when you load the rod to cast the line, the leader will excel through the rod eyes until the knot ticks, touches or catches one of the smaller rod eyes. This will cause the leader to slow its acceleration or stop, where now the braided line will pile up behind the leader in a big wind knot. I find this to be one of the biggest cause of wind knots with most anglers. The weather, the weight and shape of your bait or lure has a lot to do with wind knots. Obviously, if the wind is blowing directly at you, an overhead cast directly into the wind can cause the braided line to ball up into a wind knot. A side cast will help eliminate throwing directly into the wind and cut down on the wind knots. Light lures with a large wide surface area, can turn the wrong way on a cast and cause a wind knot. Just like you mentioned, even angler experience makes a difference. The list of causes is long. There are some braided lines made that are consistently worse then others. You can fiqure this out by process of elimination by trying each companies braided line with your equipment or use someones who already has success with less wind knots.The important thing is the more you know what causes wind knots, the less likely they are to happen.